Subject Headings for Sociology as a Discipline

ANSS Subject and Bibliographic Access Committee

Question/Answer on Cataloging Issues – May 2020

Question: What subject headings are applied to works related to sociology as a discipline?

By Wade Kotter, Stewart Library, Weber State University

Answer:

The Library of Congress provides a number of subdivisions under the general heading Sociology that reflect various aspects of sociology as a discipline:

      Sociology – Authorship

           Subdivision: Sociology – Authorship – Style manuals

      Sociology – Bibliography

           Subdivision: Sociology – Bibliography — Periodicals

      Sociology – Biographical methods

      Sociology – Comparative method

      Sociology – Dictionaries

      Sociology—Encyclopedias

      Sociology – Fieldwork(May Subd. Geog.)

      Sociology – History

      Sociology – Methodology

           Narrower Term: Interviewing in sociology

           Narrower Term: Mathematical sociology

      Sociology – Philosophy

      Sociology – Research (May Subd. Geog.)

      Sociology – Statistical methods

      Sociology – Study and teaching(May Subd. Geog.)

In addition to Sociology – Authorship and Sociology – Bibliography, the Library of Congress has established another important set of terms related to the literature of sociology:

      Sociology literature(May Subd. Geog.)

           Narrower Term: Family research literature(May Subd. Geog.)

           Narrower Term: Murder literature(May Subd. Geog.)

           Narrower Term: Sex instruction literature(May Subd. Geog.)

           Narrower Term: Social mobility literature(May Subd. Geog.)

An additional group of established headings focuses on some of the well-known theoretical “schools” of sociology:

      Schools of sociology (May Subd. Geog.)

           Narrower Term: Chicago school of sociology (May Subd. Geog.)

           Narrower Term: Durkheimian school of sociology (May Subd. Geog.)

           Narrower Term: Frankfurt school of sociology(May Subd. Geog.)

           Narrower Term: Marxian school of sociology(May Subd. Geog.)

                Narrower Term: Austro-Marxist school (May Subd. Geog.)

When exploring a discipline as complex and diverse as sociology, understanding the various sub-disciplines and subject specialties within that discipline can be very important. One group of established headings identifies various sub-disciplines and/or subject specialties within sociology using the pattern: “Xxxxxxx sociology:”

      Applied sociology (May Subd. Geog.)

      Christian sociology (May Subd. Geog.)

      Clinical sociology (May Subd. Geog.)

      Confucian sociology(May Subd. Geog.)

      Educational sociology (May Subd. Geog.)

      Environmental sociology(May Subd. Geog.)

      Forensic sociology(May Subd. Geog.)

      Hindu sociology(May Subd. Geog.)

      Historical sociology(May Subd. Geog.)

      Islamic sociology(May Subd. Geog.)

      Industrial sociology(May Subd. Geog.)

      Jaina sociology(May Subd. Geog.)

      Jewish sociology(May Subd. Geog.)

      Organizational sociology(May Subd. Geog.)

      Phenomenological sociology(May Subd. Geog.)

      Political sociology(May Subd. Geog.)

      Shinto sociology(May Subd. Geog.)

      Sikh sociology(May Subd. Geog.)

      Visual sociology(May Subd. Geog.)

      Zoroastrian sociology (May Subd. Geog.)

In addition, the Library of Congress provides a group of established headings relevant to sub-disciplines and/or subject specialties within the discipline of sociology using the pattern “Sociology, Xxxxxxx:”

      Sociology, Biblical (Not Subd. Geog.)

      Sociology, Military(May Subd. Geog.)

      Sociology, Rural(May Subd. Geog.)

      Sociology, Urban (May Subd. Geog.)

There is also a group of established headings for a few sub-disciplines and/or subject specialties within sociology created by adding a prefix to the word “sociology”:

      Ethnosociology (May Subd. Geog.)

      Macrosociology(Not Subd. Geog.)

      Microsociology(Not Subd. Geog.)

Another pattern used for headings relevant to different sub-disciplines and/or subject specialties within sociology appends the phrase “and society” to various topical terms:

      Architecture and society(May Subd. Geog.)

      Art and society(May Subd. Geog.)

      Arts and society(May Subd. Geog.)

      Literature and society (May Subd. Geog.)

      Communism and society(May Subd. Geog.)

      Socialism and society(May Subd. Geog.)

      War and society(May Subd. Geog.)

There are also a few established headings for sub-disciplines and/or subject specialties within sociology that don’t follow any particular pattern:

      Knowledge, Sociology of(May Subd. Geog.)

      Religion and sociology(May Subd. Geog.)

      Social medicine(May Subd. Geog.)

      Sociological jurisprudence(May Subd. Geog.)

      Sociolinguistics(May Subd. Geog.)

      Sociology of disability(May Subd. Geog.)

It is important to remember that appropriate free-floating subdivisions may be used under the various sub-disciplines and subject specialties listed above.

Finally, researchers looking for information on a discipline may be interested in works related to the individuals involved in that discipline., including researchers, students and teachers. The Library of Congress provides the following established headings for people involved in the discipline of sociology:

Sociologists(May Subd. Geog.)

           Narrower Term: Industrial sociologists (May Subd. Geog.)

           Narrower Term: Jewish sociologists(May Subd. Geog.)

            Narrower Term: Medical sociologists (May Subd. Geog.)

           Narrower Term: Women sociologists(May Subd. Geog.)

      Sociologists – United States

           Narrower Term: African American sociologists (May Subd. Geog.)

      Sociology students (May Subd. Geog.)

           Narrower Term: Women sociology students(May Subd. Geog.)

      Sociology teachers (May Subd. Geog.)

Free-floating subdivisions appropriate for classes of people, such as Biography or Employment, may be used under the above headings.