I am in love with Isotope. It’s not often that you hear someone profess their love for a JQuery library (unless it’s this), but there it is. I want to display everything in animated grids.
I also love Views Isotope, a Drupal 7 module that enabled me to create a dynamic image gallery for our school’s Year in Review. This module (paired with a few others) is instrumental in building our new digital library.
In this blog post, I will walk you through how we created the Year in Review page, and how we plan to extrapolate the design to our collection views in the Knowlton Digital Library. This post assumes you have some basic knowledge of Drupal, including an understanding of content types, taxonomy terms and how to install a module.
Year in Review Project
Our Year in Review project began over the summer, when our communications team expressed an interest in displaying the news stories from throughout the school year in an online, interactive display. The designer on our team showed me several examples of card-like interfaces, emphasizing the importance of ease and clean graphics. After some digging, I found Isotope, which appeared to be the exact solution we needed. Isotope, according to its website, assists in creating “intelligent, dynamic layouts that can’t be achieved with CSS alone.” This JQuery library provides for the display of items in a masonry or grid-type layout, augmented by filters and sorting options that move the items around the page.
At first, I was unsure we could make this library work with Drupal, the content management system we employ for our main web site and our digital library. Fortunately I soon learned – as with many things in Drupal – there’s a module for that. The Views Isotope module provides just the functionality we needed, with some tweaking, of course.
We set out to display a grid of images, each representing a news story from the year. We wanted to allow users to filter those news stories based on each of the sections in our school: Architecture, Landscape Architecture and City and Regional Planning. News stories might be relevant to one, two or all three disciplines. The user can see the news story title by hovering over the image, and read more about the new story by clicking on the corresponding item in the grid.
Views Isotope Basics
Views Isotope is installed in the same way as other Drupal modules. There is an example in the module and there are also videos linked from the main module page to help you implement this in Views. (I found this video particularly helpful.)
You must have the following modules installed to use Views Isotope:
You also need to install the Isotope JQuery library. It is important to note that Isotope is only free for non-commercial projects. To install the library, download the package from the Isotope GitHub repository. Unzip the package and copy the whole directory into your libraries directory. Within your Drupal installation, this should be in the /sites/all/libraries folder. Once the module and the library are both installed, you’re ready to start.
If you have used Drupal, you have likely used Views. It is a very common way to query the underlying database in order to display content.The Views Isotope module provides additional View types: Isotope Grid, Isotope Filter Block and Isotope Sort Block. These three view types combine to provide one display. In my case, I have not yet implemented the Sort Block, so I won’t discuss it in detail here.
To build a new view, go to Structure > Views > Add a new view. In our specific example, we’ll talk about the steps in more detail. However, there’s a few important tenets of using Views Isotope, regardless of your setup:
- There is a grid. The View type Isotope Grid powers the main display.
- The field on which we want to filter is included in the query that builds the grid, but a CSS class is applied which hides the filters from the grid display and shows them only as filters.
- The Isotope Filter Block drives the filter display. Again, a CSS class is applied to the fields in the query to assign the appropriate display and functionality, instead of using default classes provided by Views.
- Frequently in Drupal, we are filtering on taxonomy terms. It is important that when we display these items we do not link to the taxonomy term page, so that a click on a term filters the results instead of taking the user away from the page.
With those basic tenets in mind, let’s look at the specific process of building the Year in Review.
Building the Year in Review
Armed with the Views Isotope functionality, I started with our existing Digital Library Drupal 7 instance and one content type, Item. Items are our primary content type and contain many, many fields, but here are the important ones for the Year in Review:
- Title: text field containing the headline of the article
- Description: text field containing the shortened article body
- File: File field containing an image from the article
- Item Class: A reference to a taxonomy term indicating if the item is from the school archives
- Discipline: Another term reference field which ties the article to one or more of our disciplines: Architecture, Landscape Architecture or City and Regional Planning
- Showcase: Boolean field which flags the article for inclusion in the Year in Review
The last field was essential so that the communications team liaison could curate the page. There are more news articles in our school archives then we necessarily want to show in the Year in Review, and the showcase flag solves this problem.
In building our Views, we first wanted to pull all of the Items which have the following characteristics:
- Item Class: School Archives
- Showcase: True
So, we build a new View. While logged in as administrator, we click on Structure, Views then Add a New View. We want to show Content of type Item, and display an Isotope Grid of fields. We do not want to use a pager. In this demo, I’m going to build a Page View, but a Block works as well (as we will see later). So my settings appear as follows:
Click on Continue & edit. For the Year in Review we next needed to add our filters – for Item Class and Showcase. Depending on your implementation, you may not need to filter the results, but likely you will want to narrow the results slightly. Next to Filter Criteria, click on Add.
I first searched for Item Class, then clicked on Apply.
Next, I need to select a value for Item Class and click on Apply.
I repeated the process with the Showcase field.
If you click Update Preview at the bottom of the View edit screen, you’ll see that much of the formatting is already done with just those steps.
Note that the formatting in the image above is helped along by some CSS. To style the grid elements, the Views Isotope module contains its own CSS in the module folder ([drupal_install]/sites/all/modules/views_isotope). You can move forward with this default display if it works for your site. Or, you can override this in the site’s theme files, which is what I’ve done above. In my theme CSS file, I have applied the following styling to the class “isotope-element”
I put the above code in my CSS file associated with my theme, and it overrides the default Views Isotope styling. “isotope-element” is the class applied to the div which contains all the fields being displayed for each item. Let’s add a few more items and see how the rendered HTML looks.
First, I want to add an image. In my case, all of my files are fields of type File, and I handle the rendering through Media
based on file type. But you could use any image field, also.
I use the Rendered File Formatter and select the Grid View Mode, which applies an Image Style to the file, resizing it to 180 x 140. Clicking Update Preview again shows that the image has been added each item.
This is closer, but in our specific example, we want to hide the title until the user hovers over the item. So, we need to add some CSS to the title field.
In my CSS file, I have the following:
background: none repeat scroll 0 0 #4D4D4F;
Note the opacity is 0 – which means the div is transparent, allowing the image to show through. Then, I added a hover style which just changes the opacity to mostly cover the image:
Now, if we update preview, we should see the changes.
The last thing we need to do is add the Discipline field for each item so that we can filter.
There are two very important things here. First, we want to make sure that the field is not formatted as a link to the term, so we select Plain text as the Formatter.
Second, we need to apply a CSS class here as well, so that the Discipline fields show in filters, not in the grid. To do that, check the Customize field HTML and select the DIV element. Then, select Create a class and enter “isotope-filter”. Also, uncheck “Apply default classes.” Click Apply.
Using Firebug, I can now look at the generated HTML from this View and see that isotope-element <div> contains all the fields for each item, though the isotope-filter class loads Discipline as hidden.
<div class="isotope-element landscape-architecture" data-category="landscape-architecture">
<div class="views-field views-field-title"> (collapsed for brevity) </div>
<div class="views-field views-field-field-file"> (collapsed for brevity) </div>
<div class="isotope-filter">Landscape Architecture</div>
You might also notice that the data-category for this element is assigned as landscape-architecture, which is our Discipline term for this item. This data-category will drive the filters.
So, let’s save our View by clicking Save at the top and move on to create our filter block. Create a new view, but this time create a block which displays taxonomy terms of type Discipline. Then, click on Continue & Edit.
The first thing we want to do is adjust view so that the default row wrappers are not applied. Note: this is the part I ALWAYS forget, and then when my filters don’t work it takes me forever to track it down.
Click on Settings next to Fields.
Uncheck the Provide default field wrapper elements. Click Apply.
Next, we do not want the fields to be links to term pages, because a user click should filter the results, not link back to the term. So, click on the term name to edit that field. Uncheck the box next to “Link this field to its taxonomy term page”. Click on Apply.
Save the view.
The last thing is to make the block appear on the page with the grid. In practice, Drupal administrators would use Panels or Context to accomplish this (we use Context), but it can also be done using the Blocks menu.
So, go to Structure, then click on Blocks. Find our Isotope-Filter Demo block. Because it’s a View, the title will begin with “View:”
Click Configure. Set block settings so that the Filter appears only on the appropriate Grid page, in the region which is appropriate for your theme. Click save.
Now, let’s visit our /isotope-grid-demo page. We should see both the grid and the filter list.
It’s worth noting that here, too, I have customized the CSS. If we look at the rendered HTML using Firebug, we can see that the filter list is in a div with class “isotope-options” and the list itself has a class of “isotope-filters”.
<ul class="isotope-filters option-set clearfix" data-option-key="filter">
<li><a class="" data-option-value="*" href="#filter">All</a></li>
<li><a class="filterbutton" href="#filter" data-option-value=".architecture">Architecture</a></li>
<li><a class="filterbutton selected" href="#filter" data-option-value=".city-and-regional-planning">City and Regional Planning</a></li>
<li><a class="filterbutton" href="#filter" data-option-value=".landscape-architecture">Landscape Architecture</a></li>
I have overridden the CSS for these classes to remove the background from the filters and change the list-style-type to none, but you can obviously make whatever changes you want. When I click on one of the filters, it shows me only the news stories for that Discipline. Here, I’ve clicked on City and Regional Planning.
So, how do we plan to use this in our digital library going forward? So far, we have mostly used the grid without the filters, such as in one of our Work pages. This shows the metadata related to a given work, along with all the items tied to that work. Eventually, each of the taxonomy terms in the metadata will be a link. The following grids are all created with blocks instead of pages, so that I can use Context to override the default term or node display.
However, in our recently implemented Collection view, we allow users to filter the items based on their type: image, video or document. Here, you see an example of one of our lecture collections, with the videos and the poster in the same grid, until the user filters for one or the other.
There are two obstacles to using this feature in a more widespread manner throughout the site. First, I have only recently figured out how to implement multiple filter options. For example, we might want to filter our news stories by Discipline and Semester. To do this, we rewrite the sorting fields in our Grid display so that they all display in one field. Then, we create two Filter blocks, one for each set of terms. Implementing this across the site so that users can sort by say, item type and vocabulary term, will make it more useful to us.
Second, we have several Views that might return upwards of 500 items. Loading all of the image files for this result set is costly, especially when you add in the additional overhead of a full image loading in the background for a Colorbox overlay and Drupal performance issues. The filters will not work across pages, so if I use pager, I will only filter the items on the page I’m viewing. I believe this can fixed somehow using Infinite Scroll (as described in several ways here), but I have not tried yet.
With these two advanced options, there are many options for improving the digital library interface. I am especially interested in how to use multiple filters on a set of search results returned from a SOLR index.
What other extensions might be useful? Let us know what you think in the comments.